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As Russia’s war against Ukraine continues, people around the world are trying to make sense of this ongoing regional geopolitical flashpoint. As is often the case, accessing accurate and trustworthy information about an active conflict is a minefield littered with mis- and disinformation, myths, and conspiracy theories. To help policymakers, researchers, journalists, and the public find accurate information about the conflict and stem the tide of misinformation, we have been tracking fact-checked claims about the Russia-Ukraine war since 2022 via our Russia-Ukraine ConflictMisinfo Dashboard. The claims are fact-checked by hundreds of trusted fact-checkers based around the world, such as AFP and Reuters. 

The data for the dashboard comes from the Google Fact Check Tools API and is collected every 24 hours using a custom script developed by the Lab. Once collected, we process and translate the data into English, Ukrainian and Russian before displaying it via the dashboard.

This post is a walk-through tutorial for researchers, journalists, students, and others who want to use the dashboard in their work. 

1. How to use the ConflictMisinfo Dashboard

  1. You can use the drop-down menu to narrow your search parameters or click on any data points on the various interactive charts.
  2. Click on the URLs in the table to learn more about each fact-checked claim.
  3. To reset the previously selected filter(s), click on the little back arrow button in the upper left corner of the chart.
  4. To reset the dashboard, use your browser’s ‘reload page’ button.

2. Data Filtering Options

There are three ways in which users can filter fact-checked claims collected by the Dashboard. 

Date Filter

The first option is to apply the date filter found at the very left-hand side of the dashboard. Here users can select a predefined period (i.e. Last 7 days) or set a custom date range by selecting Start and End Dates in the pop-up date picker

Claim Language Filter

Users can also filter results by the language of the original review, as fact-checkers from different countries who cover events in Ukraine publish their findings in their respective languages. The proportion of results published per language is shown in the Claim Language pie chart. 

Fact-Checker Filter

The Fact Checker option enables users to filter results based on a specific fact-checking organization, such as AFP Fact Check or Check Your Fact. 

Example: Applying Filters to Sample a Dataset

To explore a sample dataset, we, for example, will set the date range from January 1, 2024 to February 1, 2024 and look at fact-checks written in English. The bar chart gives an initial idea of when there were spikes in claims over the course of January 2024. 

Below the filtering options, the Dashboard provides a table listing the claims corresponding to the selection. Based on the filters, there were 51 total debunked claims. The table provides a link to the fact-checks under the column “Review Article,” where an explanation behind their verdicts (TRUE, FALSE, MISLEADING, etc.) can be found. 

Note the difference between Review Date and Claim Date (if known); claims made weeks or even months before being debunked are given more of an opportunity to be repeated and believed by their intended audience (Foster et al., 2012). Claims without a known claim date will be displayed with “#VALUE!”. 

3. Selecting Claims based on Keywords

The Dashboard also provides an option to search for relevant claims based on keywords. This feature is available right above the table with claims. 

To search, enter a keyword or a phrase and then hit the ‘Enter’ key on your keyboard.

 It is important to note that:
  1. The search is case-sensitive. 
  2. While the search interface permits changing the search operator from “contains” to other types (e.g., “equals”), we highly recommend not changing the default option. 
  3. If you have selected any filter option, the search will be performed within the previously selected sample. 
  4. Note what language version of the Dashboard you use (English, Ukrainian, or Russian). A search keyword should be in the corresponding language. You can switch the language version of the Dashboard using the menu on the top left shown in the screenshot below.

Example: Posts Containing “Putin”

In the following example, we looked for fact-checked claims containing the word “Putin”. The search was conducted within the previously selected date and language filters (January 1, 2024 to February 1, 2024 and review language – “English”). There were 13 claims mentioning Putin. False claims mentioning Putin include allegations that he called the 1897 sale of Alaska to the United States “illegal” and an awkward interaction with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.

For each chart and table featured in the Dashboard, you can export the underlying data as a CSV file or into a Google Sheet. Click on the vertical ellipsis to export. 

4. Exporting Data

For each chart and table featured in the Dashboard, you can export the underlying data as a CSV file or into a Google Sheet. Click on the vertical ellipsis to export.